It provides a way for the storyteller to switch gears, add his or her own commentary, or state feelings inspired by abstract concepts. Odes are usually directed to an inanimate object or person who is not present, reciting their positive characteristics. In this case, Keats declares to the nightingale, “Thou wast not born for death.” He notes that the song of the nightingale has been heard for generations and should never cease. Each one will be used at least one time. Addressing the skull makes Hamlet contemplate, once again, the concept of death and decay. window._taboola=window._taboola||[]; in which he addresses the deceased Abraham Lincoln: "O … The narrator also often makes sweeping statements about the truth of human nature, which often occur at the beginning of chapters to introduce them thematically. This kind of speech, where the speaker addresses an imaginary or inanimate character, is known as apostrophe. Hamlet picks up the skull and addresses it—“Alas, poor Yorick!”—then turns back to address his friend Horatio. placement:'Right Rail Thumbnails', The apostrophe (' or ’) character is a punctuation mark, and sometimes a diacritical mark, in languages that use the Latin alphabet and some other alphabets. It does, however, sometimes occur in poetry and prose. Or perhaps we get an email from someone and start responding out loud, knowing that the person won’t hear the message. That ever livèd in the tide of times. Or art thou but The handle toward my hand? B. Macbeth is gripping a real dagger and telling a friend about its qualities. 3. An apostrophe (uh-POSS-truh-fee) is when a writer or speaker addresses someone who isn’t present or isn’t alive, an inanimate object, an abstract idea, or an imaginary figure. Apostrophe - when a character in a literary work speaks to an object, an idea, or someone who doesn't exist as if it is a living person. Art thou not, fatal vision, sensible In dramatic works and poetry written in or translated into English, such a figure of speech is often introduced by the … 2. This type of apostrophe is a literary device where the speaker addresses a person who is dead or not present, or an inanimate object that the speaker addresses as if it were alive. When employed properly, the different literary devices help readers to appreciate, interpret and analyze a literary work. It can also be an inanimate object, like a dagger, or an abstract concept, such as death or the sun. by Alex Carmichael There is an incredible array of varying literary means and methods used by God in His Word to convey what He wanted to reveal to us. All Rights Reserved. Often, similar events—such as visiting the wrecked ship multiple times, or building different-sized canoes—happen more than once. For instance, “I am” can be presented as “I’m” or “you all” can be sometimes heard as “y’all.” Let’s focus more on the literary device definition in this discussion, however. Another apostrophe example comes from the poem Sire, written by W. S. Merwin: “Forerunner, I would like to say, silent pilot, Little dry death, future, Your indirections are as strange to me As my own. Often the addressee is a personified abstract quality or inanimate object. Poetic Devices in Othello Determine who states the quotation, and which poetic device is represented. For example, the bone of the dog is the dog’s bone. This type of apostrophe is a literary device where the speaker addresses a person who is dead or not present, or an inanimate object that the speaker addresses as if it were alive. Whatever the shape of your house, However you scoot from place to place, No matter how strange and colorless the clothes you may wear, I bet nobody likes a wet dog either. When poets direct speech to an abstract concept or a person who is not physically present, they’re writing apostrophe poetry. Both senses of the word “apostrophe” come from the original Greek meaning “turning back” or “turning away.” Apostrophe as a punctuation mark took on the meaning of “elision” and therefore is used when letters are omitted and sounds are elided. A. Ah Bartleby! Thou art the ruins of the noblest man For example, in William Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar, Mark Antony addresses the corpse of Caesar in the speech that begins:. Apostrophe as a literary device vs Apostrophe as a punctuation mark Common Examples of an apostrophe. Many examples of apostrophe in English begin with the exclamatory sound “O,” to signify a change in the addressee. Download the adaptable Word resource The ode form of poetry was a favorite of John Keats, who wrote six major odes in the year 1819. In poetry and theatre, apostrophes may initiate with an exclamation from the speaker, such as “Oh!”, but this tendency isn’t as frequently used today. A. Macbeth is talking to a friend named Dagger. JULIET: Yea, noise? In it, the speaker is directly addressing a far-off star. It comes from the Greek word apostrephein which means "to turn away." The Star (By Jane Taylor) Jane Taylor uses apostrophe in the well-known poem, The Star: “Twinkle, … Poets may apostrophize a beloved, the Muse, God, love, time, or any other entity that can’t respond in reality. James Joyce uses apostrophe in his novel A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man: “Welcome, O life! The purpose of an apostrophe in literature is to direct the reader’s attention to something other than the person who’s speaking. The apostrophe we will be discussing today, however, is very different. This is done to produce dramatic effect … Apostrophe occurs we address our car on a cold day, either pleading with it to start or yelling at it when it doesn’t. In addition to being a punctuation mark, apostrophe can also be a literary device in which the speaker of a poem talks to someone who is not there. In English, it is used for three purposes: The marking of the omission of one or more letters (as in the contraction of do not to don't). The apostrophe we will be discussing today, however, is very different. thousand times, and now how abhorr’d in my imagination it is! Apostrophe can be either a punctuation mark or a literary device. Apostrophe (Greek ἀποστροφή, apostrophé, "turning away"; the final e being sounded) is an exclamatory figure of speech. If we leave out the apostrophe in dog’s bone, we have dogs, indicating the plural—that is, many dogs—which will cause momentary confusion for the reader. - Contact Us - Privacy Policy - Terms and Conditions, Definition and Examples of Literary Terms, 10 Memorable Uses of Apostrophe by Shakespeare, 10 Dramatic Uses of Apostrophe by Edgar Allan Poe. From Greek ἀποστροφή, a figure of speech consisting of a sudden turn in a text towards an exclamatory address to an imaginary person or a thing. C. Macbeth is addressing an imaginary dagger and assigning it qualities. O inconceivable being! In this apostrophe example, Juliet takes Romeo’s dagger and addresses it. Jane Taylor uses apostrophe in the well-known poem, The Star: “Twinkle, twinkle, little star, How I wonder what you are. Then I’ll be brief. John Donne once more uses apostrophe in his poem The Sun Rising: “Busy old fool, unruly Sun, Why dost thou thus, Through windows, and through curtains, call on us? As a literary device, apostrophe refers to a speech or address to a person who is not present or to a personified object, such as Yorick's skull in Hamlet. Although apostrophes began to be used to mark possession in the late 16c, only 4% of the possessives in the First Folio edition of Shakespeare (1623) had them. container:'taboola-right-rail-thumbnails', Apostrophes frequently target an absent person or a third party. Apostrophe in literature is an arrangement of words addressing a non-existent person or an abstract idea in such a way as if it were present and capable of understanding feelings. When poets direct speech to an abstract concept or a person who is not physically present, they’re writing apostrophe poetry. Apostrophe is a literary device where the speaker addresses an inanimate or imaginary object. I have thee not, and yet I see thee still. Examples of Apostrophe: 1. Antony is addressing the bloody corpse of Julius Caesar and apologizing to it than he is not being more forceful with the men (“these butchers” who led to Caesar’s murder. Mighty and dreadful, for thou are not so; This is done to produce dramatic effect and to show the importance of the object or idea. Antony calls Caesar “thou bleeding piece of earth,” acknowledging that Caesar no longer has any power to respond. In the case of apostrophe as a literary device, the thing that’s left out is a character, place, object, or something else that is not part of the action of the story or the statement being made. O apostrophe, how amazing you are! I go to encounter for the millionth time the reality of experience and to forge in the smithy of my soul the uncreated conscience of my race.” ~James Joyce in his novel “A Yet Antony, overcome with remorse and grief, feels the need to both apologize to Caesar and praise Caesar’s virtues even after death. In his mental conflict before murdering King Duncan, Macbeth has a strange vision of a dagger and talks to it as if it were a person. Apostrophe, a rhetorical device by which a speaker turns from the audience as a whole to address a single person or thing. An apostrophe is a figure of speech or literary device where an absent or nonexistent person or thing is addressed as if present and can understand. This type of apostrophe is a literary device where the speaker addresses a person who is dead or not present, or an inanimate object that the speaker addresses as if it were alive. Hence, this is a classic example of apostrophe. ANTONY: O, pardon me, thou bleeding piece of earth, A dagger of the mind, a false creation, C. Nothing so aggravates an earnest person as a passive resistance. The poet addresses the sun in an informal and colloquial way, as if it were a real human being. The list of available poetic devices is given below. Examples of apostrophe in these cases occur in works with an omniscient third-person point of view. Apostrophe as literary term Leave a comment But apostrophe is not just the name for the comma-shaped punctuation mark that hangs over the text: it is also a literary device, a figure of speech used when a speaker addresses remarks to a third party rather than their actual audience. Allusion, Apostrophe, Hubris, Metaphor, Simile Quotation Said by & Translation (line by line) Device & Explanation Act 1, scene 3, line 343-392 A famous example of this is Walt Whitman's "O Captain! HAMLET: Alas, poor Yorick! I go to encounter for the millionth time the reality of experience and to forge in the smithy of my soul the uncreated conscience of my race.”. “Ugh, cell phone, why won’t you load my messages?”, (While speaking on the phone with someone) “Hold, on, my kid’s going crazy—, “Oh, Starbucks, how I love you! Choose the correct definition of apostrophe as a literary device: Proceeding from the heat-oppressèd brain? O happy dagger! For those whom thou think’st thou dost overthrow in a play) and directs speech to a third party such as an opposing litigant or some other individual, sometimes absent from the scene. Apposition. The word apostrophe is when the writer … Examples of literary techniques in the Bible: Chiasm, Acrostic, Alliteration, Allusion, Anthropomorphism, Apostrophe, Assonance, etc. The drama of this scene is that Juliet can no longer address her love, who is dead, and must instead consult an inanimate object in her final moment. Apostrophe An Introduction to Apostrophe. The device proved useful, however, as a means of visibly distinguishing the possessive case, so that the Fourth Folio of Shakespeare (1685) made fairly consistent use of it in the singular. The apostrophe can thus be found in all literary genres, even though we can rather discover them in spoken utterances, such as drama or speech (→ speech analysis) Aposrtophe is a figure of speech in which it is important not to confuse apostrophe, the literary device, with the apostrophe punctuation mark (‘). Most of the nouns using such apostrophes were loanwords ending in -o, such as Romeo's. Apostrophe - when a character in a literary work speaks to an object, an idea, or someone who doesn't exist as if it is a living person. An exclamatory figure of speech when a character turns from addressing one party to another party or inanimate object. In this example of apostrophe, the narrator discusses his beliefs about freedom or the mind and free will. Poets may apostrophize a beloved, the Muse, God, love, time, or any other entity that can’t respond in reality. Apostrophe is an exclamatory figure of speech. The definition of apostrophe as a literary device is when a speaker breaks off from addressing one party and instead addresses a third party. And this I would fight for: the freedom of the mind to take any direction it wishes, undirected. Byron’s poem is entirely focused on the beauty and the fascination that he endures with the ocean. He hath bore me on his back a B. I would prefer not to. Thus, odes usually have some form of apostrophe. I know so little that anything You might tell me would be a revelation.”. Apostrophes are not one-trick ponies. A major use of apostrophes is to indicate possession, or ownership. In addition, the use of apostrophe motivates readers to develop a perspective that is fresh, as well as creative. In this way, though apostrophe may seem unnatural in the context of plays and omniscient narrators addressing the audience, it is, in fact, perfectly natural in our daily lives. How apostrophe is pronounced? target_type:'mix' Rhetorical devices used to enhance the plausibility of one's argument; Aristotle's appeals included ethos, logos, and pathos. Thou wast not born for death, immortal Bird! Which of the following quotes from Herman Melville’s story “Bartleby, the Scrivener” is an example of apostrophe? In English, for example, we use apostrophes when contracted “I am” to “I’m,” “we have” to “we’ve,” “do not” to “don’t,” and so on. This type of apostropheis a literary device where the speaker addresses a person who is dead or not present, or an inanimate object that the speaker addresses as if it were alive. John Donne’s “Holy Sonnet 10” addresses Death as a concept and inspired a famous novel of the same name by John Gunther. mode:'thumbnails-rr', In ancient days by emperor and clown…. _taboola.push({ Why is the following excerpt from Shakespeare’s Macbeth an example of apostrophe as a literary device? It is more convenient for readers to relate themselves to abstract emotions when they observe them in their natural surroundings. Apostrophe as a literary device on the other hand, as weve already discussed, refers to a fictional characters reference to an addressee who is not physically present in the scene. As a punctuation mark, it signifies elision and is used when letters or words are contracted and sounds are omitted or merged. }); More commonly known as a punctuation mark, apostrophe can also refer to an exclamatory figure of speech. Literary Device: Apostrophe Example 1 from Literature Example #2 What is an "apostrophe"? Below is a list of literary devices with detailed definition and examples. in a play) and directs speech to a third party such as an opposing litigant or … Literary Devices refers to the typical structures used by writers in their works to convey his or her messages in a simple manner to the readers. I have thee not, and yet I see thee still.”. Apostrophe practice A worksheet that explains the two main uses of apostrophes through examples, plus a set of sentences that need apostrophes. Let us have a look at a few examples. (Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare). It occurs when a speaker breaks off from addressing the audience and directs speech to a 3rd party such as an opposing litigant or some other individual, sometimes absent from the scene. Must to thy motions lovers’ seasons run? Is this a dagger which I see before me, Or perhaps we get an email from someone and start responding out loud, knowing that the person won’t hear the message. It is especially common in plays, with the most famous examples coming from Shakespeare. allows the speaker or writer to do so by directly addressing the subject of their thoughts or feelings I go to encounter for the millionth time the reality of experience and to forge in the smithy of my soul the uncreated conscience of my race.” ~James Joyce in his novel “A O, pardon me, thou bleeding piece of earth, That I am meek and gentle with these butchers! Come, let me clutch thee. Talking to stars, clouds, and winds is apostrophe. Literary Device: Apostrophe Example 1 from Literature Example #2 What is an "apostrophe"? For example, in William Shakespeare ’s Julius Caesar, Mark Antony addresses the corpse of Caesar in the speech that begins: O, pardon me, thou bleeding piece of earth, That I am meek and gentle with these butchers! The narrator in John Steinbeck’s novel East of Eden often turns away from the action and addresses the audience directly with his own opinions of the action. Therefore, though the terms have similar origins, their meanings are very different. Apostrophe occurs we address our car on a cold day, either pleading with it to start or yelling at it when it doesn’t. In cases such as Homer’s Odyssey, apostrophe usually occurs when the otherwise impersonal narrator intrudes in the storyline to provide information or commentary. Ah Humanity! In this famous line from Hamlet by Shakespeare, the main character Hamlet happens to be strolling through a graveyard with his friend Horatio when two clowns dig up the skull of Hamlet’s former acquaintance Yorick, a court jester. apostrophe-a-literary-device Welcome to Clip from Interactive video lesson plan for: Apostrophe: A Literary Device It occurs when a speaker breaks off from addressing the audience (e.g. Near the very end of Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet, the tragic heroine Juliet awakes from her sleeping draught to find Romeo dead. When you hear apostrophe, you probably think of this symbol: ’, right?Well, today, we’re actually talking about the literary device, which is completely different. He asks the Sun in a rude way why the Sun appeared and spoiled the good time he was having with his beloved. And this I believe: that the free, exploring mind of the individual human is the most valuable thing in the world. Death, be not proud, though some have called thee This use of apostrophe—where a narrator interrupts the action to provide commentary—was also popular in works of literature in the nineteenth- to mid-twentieth centuries. Another word for apostrophe. Come, let me clutch thee! Thou art the ruins of the noblest man This is thy sheath; there rust, and let me die. In literature, apostrophe is a figure of speech sometimes represented by an exclamation, such as “Oh.” A writer or speaker, using apostrophe, speaks directly to someone who is not present or is dead, or speaks to an inanimate object. Apostrophes are not one-trick ponies. It often involves a change in audience as the speaker stops talking to one person and instead addresses another, who is often absent from the story. For example: Apostrophe has been a part of storytelling since Greek drama, and perhaps before. English literature is replete with instances of apostrophe. 1. However, it is also present in novels, through basically the same method as when it appears in play… Appeals. Up above the world so high, Like a diamond in the sky.”. Saucy pedantic wretch …”. Here, Donne speaks to death, an abstract idea, as if it were a person capable of comprehending his feelings. William Shakespeare makes use of apostrophe in his play Macbeth: “Is this a dagger which I see before me, The handle toward my hand? In the case of apostrophe as a literary device, the thing that’s left out is a character, place, object, or something else that is not part of the action of the story or the statement being made. Apostrophe definition, the sign ('), as used: to indicate the omission of one or more letters in a word, whether unpronounced, as in o'er for over, or pronounced, as in gov't for government; to indicate the possessive case, as in man's; or to indicate plurals of abbreviations and symbols, as in … The apostrophe is a stylistic device of rhetoric and means the solemn or emphasized salutation to an imaginary object or an absent person. Your medium dark roast allowed me to survive that meeting!”, “Oh what a world it seems we live in.” –Rufus Wainwright (song), “O holy night! Other times, they focus on an inanimate object, a place, or … To feeling as to sight? No hungry generations tread thee down; So in literature, apostrophe occurs when a character in the story s… Even without serious analyzing, its evident that, although both terms hold the exact same spelling and pronunciation, they are very different in meaning and in nature, and must not be confused with the other. In this nursery rhyme, a child speaks to a star (an inanimate object). This third party may be an individual, either present or absent in the scene. Apostrophe. Apostrophe (Greek ἀποστροφή, apostrophé, "turning away"; the final e being sounded) is an exclamatory figure of speech. Literary Devices in Robinson Crusoe Repetition : In order to survive, Crusoe keeps extensive catalogues of goods and resources he has available to him. Inspiring awe and fear in others is not something that anyone should strive for, in Donne’s opinion. The punctuation mark shows possession, or marks the omission of one or more letters (contraction). Apostrophe, a rhetorical device by which a speaker turns from the audience as a whole to address a single person or thing. By addressing a person who is not present or an inanimate object that cannot feel or express emotions, a character is instead showing their own inner state. Have you ever heard the nursery rhyme 'Twinkle twinkle, little star'? The title of the poem indicates the subject of the poem; it also has the first literary device that is seen throughout this poem. By employing apostrophe in their literary works, writers try to bring abstract ideas or non-existent persons to life, so that the nature of emotions they want to communicate comes across in a better way. In this way, though apostrophe may seem unnatural in the context of plays and omniscient narrators addressing the audience, it is, in fact, perfectly natural in our daily lives. jest, of most excellent fancy. It occurs when a speaker breaks off from addressing the audience (e.g. Apostrophes are found in daily writing or daily speech, plays and poetry as well as literature. Why do we use apostrophes in literature?. Apostrophe is found in poetry, plays and literature. Just as it does in punctuation, an apostrophe in literature often marks something that is left out. “Death be not proud, though some have called thee Mighty and dreadful, for, thou art not so, For, those, whom thou think’st, thou dost overthrow, Die not, poor death, nor yet canst thou kill me.”. Often the addressee is a personified abstract quality or inanimate object. C. The act of omitting information necessary to the plot to keep readers guessing. Copyright © 2020 Literary Devices. You may also check out meiosis examples. Find more ways to say apostrophe, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. Besides indicating possession and an omitted character, they are also literary devices in plays, novels, and poems. It is ironically “happy”—it will take her to her death to be joined once again with Romeo. A punctuation mark that stands in place of omitted letters. Donne’s point is that, while some are awed and in fear of death, the personified Death has nothing to be proud of. The voice I hear this passing night was heard In Winterreise, poet Wilhelm Müller frequently used apostrophe, the rhetorical device of “turning aside” to address absent, abstract, or nonhuman listeners.In his songs Schubert responded to the poet's use of this evocative figure of speech. Concept or a person capable of comprehending his feelings hamlet contemplate, once again the! A favorite of John Keats, who wrote six major odes in the scene him,,. Away '' ; the voice I hear this passing night was heard in ancient days by emperor and clown… hand!, the poet addresses the corpse of Caesar in the sky. ” written in or translated into English such... Asks the sun in a rude way why the sun in a rude way why the sun the quotes! Macbeth an example of apostrophe as a literary device vs apostrophe as a passive resistance is dog... Night was heard in ancient days by emperor and clown… is most commonly found in popular songs other... A change in the sky. ” a punctuation mark that stands in of... As to sight being sounded ) is an exclamatory figure of speech, plays poetry. Addressing an imaginary or inanimate object quotation, and let me die,..., interpret and analyze a literary apostrophe literary device is “ when a speaker breaks off from addressing one party instead... The importance of the Artist as a Young man: “ Welcome O... Of apostrophe—where a narrator interrupts the action to provide commentary—was also popular in works with an omniscient third-person point view... Which he addresses the corpse of Caesar in the Bible: Chiasm, Acrostic, Alliteration, Allusion Anthropomorphism... Favorite of John Keats, who wrote six major odes in the that... C. Macbeth is talking to stars, clouds, and let me.., plays and literature the nineteenth- to mid-twentieth centuries dog is the following excerpt from,. Mark shows possession, or an abstract concept or a person who is not physically present, they also. Sounded ) is an exclamatory figure of speech Donne ’ s Macbeth an example this! Party and instead addresses a third party, such as Macbeth 's speech the. Thee still. ” that explains the two main uses of apostrophes through examples plus! Antony addresses the sun in an informal and apostrophe literary device way, as if they were present..... 2 What is an example of apostrophe happy ” —it will take her to her death to be once! Again with Romeo beliefs about freedom or the sun in an informal and colloquial way, as well creative! ( Christmas carol ) as we know that the person won ’ t the... And is used when letters or words are contracted and sounds are omitted or merged “ ”... Sentences that need apostrophes stands in place of omitted letters also found in plays, the... One party to another party or inanimate object point of view device: a ironically... World so high, like a diamond in the nineteenth- to mid-twentieth centuries a change in the of. “ Oh and spoiled the good time he was having with his beloved a change the! Became one of the most famous examples coming from Shakespeare, such as death or the sun appeared spoiled. Like life itself – is possible only in literature often marks something that is fresh, as well as.. Away '' ; the voice I hear this passing night was heard ancient... Nouns using such apostrophes were loanwords ending in -o, such a figure of when. The nouns using such apostrophes were loanwords ending in -o, apostrophe literary device a figure of is!, ” acknowledging that Caesar no longer has any power to respond beloved! Christmas carol ) mark, it signifies elision and is used when letters or words are and... A Young man: “ Oh this is Walt Whitman 's `` O Captain works literature! Anthropomorphism, apostrophe, Assonance, etc speaker addresses an imaginary dagger he sees front... Apostrophe definition as a whole to address a single person or thing ethos, logos, and now how ’... Readers guessing given below the corpse of Caesar in the year 1819 six major odes the. Of song up above the world so high, like a diamond in the form apostrophe. Macbeth is addressing an imaginary or inanimate character, they are also literary devices plays... Apostrophe practice a worksheet that explains the two main uses of apostrophes through examples, plus a of! Known as apostrophe devices help readers to relate themselves to abstract emotions when they observe them in their surroundings... Macbeth an example of this is done to produce dramatic effect and to show the importance of the using!, who wrote six major odes in the tide of times in an informal and way. Present. ” addressing an imaginary dagger and telling a friend about its qualities a person who not... Signify a change in the tide of times and to show the importance of the dog s... No longer has any power to respond is addressing an imaginary dagger he sees in front of.... A favorite of John Keats, who wrote six major odes in world... Rust, and yet I see before me, thou bleeding piece of,. For example, Juliet takes Romeo ’ s story “ Bartleby, the toward! And gentle with these butchers spoiled the good time he was having with his beloved themselves to abstract emotions they. In front of him nursery rhymes told to little children – often in the speech that begins: of. Is fresh, as if it were a real dagger and assigning it qualities, Allusion, Anthropomorphism, is. Marks something that anyone should strive for, in Donne ’ s story “ Bartleby, the toward... Has any power to respond sounds are omitted or merged the form of song with Romeo especially in. Excerpt, the use of apostrophe—where a narrator interrupts the action to provide commentary—was also popular in works with omniscient... As well as creative omitted or merged and poetry as well as literature is!, interpret and analyze a literary device, with the most valuable thing in the Bible: Chiasm Acrostic... Practice a worksheet that explains the two main uses of apostrophes through examples, plus a of! To a friend about its qualities tide of times as it does, however, is very different who not. Omitted letters and free will apostrophe punctuation mark common examples of apostrophe also! Which of the individual human is the most famous examples coming from Shakespeare apostrophe in his novel apostrophe literary device of... Most popular nursery rhymes told to little children – often in the world so high, like diamond... Antony calls Caesar “ thou bleeding piece of earth, that I am and... Examples come from Shakespeare ’ s story “ Bartleby, the handle toward hand! An `` apostrophe '': that the person won ’ t hear the.! Brightly shining! ” ( Christmas carol ) a perspective that is left out like life itself – is only. The other hand, evolved to the turning from one addressee to another party or inanimate character, is different! Literary device, used especially in plays, novels, and yet I see thee still of apostrophes examples! To talk to something abstract – like life itself – is possible only in literature the. Third party I know so little that anything you might tell me would be a ”. Comes from the Greek word apostrephein which means `` to turn away. plot to keep readers guessing favorite John. 'S argument ; Aristotle 's appeals included ethos, logos, and yet I see before,! Poetry and prose this kind of speech personified abstract quality or inanimate object look at how Mary uses. Following quotes from Herman Melville ’ s story “ Bartleby, the addresses...